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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/45343

Title: Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study
Authors: Ruiz, Emma
Ávila, José Manuel
Valero, Teresa
Pozo, Susana
Rodríguez, Paula
Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier
Gil, Ángel
González-Gross, Marcela
Ortega, Rosa M.
Serra-Majem, Lluis
Varela-Moreiras, Gregorio
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Our aim was to analyze dietary macronutrient intake and its main sources according to sex and age. Results were derived from the ANIBES (“Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain”) cross-sectional study using a nationally-representative sample of the Spanish population (9–75 years old). Mean dietary protein intake was 74.5 ± 22.4 g/day, with meat and meat products as the main sources (33.0%). Mean carbohydrate intake was 185.4 ± 60.9 g/day and was higher in children and adolescents; grains (49%), mainly bread, were the main contributor. Milk and dairy products (23%) ranked first for sugar intake. Mean lipid intake was 78.1 ± 26.1 g/day and was higher in younger age groups; contributions were mainly from oils and fats (32.5%; olive oil 25.6%) and meat and meat products (22.0%). Lipid profiles showed relatively high monounsaturated fatty acid intake, of which olive oil contributed 38.8%. Saturated fatty acids were mainly (>70%) combined from meat and meat products, milk and dairy products and oils and fats. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were mainly from oils and fats (31.5%). The macronutrient intake and distribution in the Spanish population is far from population reference intakes and nutritional goals, especially for children and adolescents.
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Macronutrient intake
Dietary protein
Dietary fat
Carbohydrate intake
Dietary fat quality sources
ANIMES study
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/45343
ISSN: 2072-6643
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Ruiz, E., [et al]. Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study. Nutrients 2016, 8, 177. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/45343]
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