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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/39213

Title: Normative data on the n-back task for children and young adolescents
Authors: Pelegrina, Santiago
Lechuga, María Teresa
García-Madruga, Juan Antonio
Elosúa, María Rosa
Macizo Soria, Pedro
Carreiras, Manuel
Fuentes, Luis J.
Bajo Molina, María Teresa
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: The n-back task is a frequently used measure of working memory (WM) in cognitive neuroscience research contexts, and it has become widely adopted in other areas over the last decade. This study aimed to obtain normative data for the n-back task from a large sample of children and adolescents. To this end, a computerized verbal n-back task with three levels of WM load (1-back, 2-back, and 3-back) was administered to 3722 Spanish school children aged 7–13 years. Results showed an overall age-related increase in performance for the different levels of difficulty. This trend was less pronounced at 1-back than at 2-back when hits were considered. Gender differences were also observed, with girls outperforming boys although taking more time to respond. The theoretical implications of these results are discussed. Normative data stratified by age and gender for the three WM load levels are provided.
Sponsorship: The research reported here was supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (CSD2008-00048) in the CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 programme and two grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology: PSI2012-37764 and PSI2012-33625.
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Keywords: N-back
Working memory updating
Working memory development
Memory development in children
Working memoy
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/39213
ISSN: 1664-1078
Citation: Pelegrina, S.; et al. Normative data on the n-back task for children and young adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1544 (2015). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/39213]
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