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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/38613

Title: Co-occurrence of risk behaviors among Spanish adolescents
Other Titles: Concurrencia de comportamientos de riesgo entre adolescentes españoles
Authors: Meneses Falcón, Carmen
Rúa, Antonio
Romo Avilés, Nuria
Gil García, Eugenia
Uroz, Jorge
Markez, Iñaki
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: This work examines the co-occurrence of risk behaviors among Spanish adolescents. The analyzed behaviors were sexual activity, the use of alcohol and other drugs, violent conduct and behaviors related to driving mopeds or scooters. The sample consisted of 4,091 adolescents between the ages of 13 to 18, all of them enrolled in one of the four compulsory years of secondary education, the approximate equivalents of the 7th to 10th grades in the US educational system. Cluster analysis indicates that there are four risk profiles, one of which is the profile with the greatest risk and the highest co-occurrence of risk behaviors. This group represents 13% of the sample and is noteworthy for using illegal drugs, driving under the influence of drugs and other activities carried out under the influence of alcohol. Differences have been found among the various profiles according to sociodemographic characteristics such as sex, grade, perception of the family’s economic situation and ethnicity. The findings are discussed and some suggestions are given for prevention intervention.
Este trabajo examina la concurrencia de comportamientos de riesgo en adolescentes españoles. Los comportamientos analizados fueron la actividad sexual, el consumo de alcohol y otras drogas, conductas violentas y comportamientos en la conducción de ciclomotores o motocicletas. La muestra incluye 4.091 adolescentes de 13 a 18 años, perteneciente a educación secundaria obligatoria. Los resultados obtenidos muestran cuatro perfiles de riesgo, siendo uno de ellos el perfil de más alto riesgo y concurrencia de comportamientos arriesgados. Este grupo supone el 13% en el que destacan las conductas de consumo de drogas lícitas, conducir bajo los efectos de droga y otras conductas realizadas bajo los efectos del alcohol. Se encuentran diferencias entre estos perfiles y las características sociodemográficas como el sexo, el curso, la percepción sobre la economía familiar y la etnicidad. Se discuten los resultados obtenidos y se ofrece algunas sugerencias para la prevención.
Sponsorship: Ministries of Education of Andalusia and of the Basque Country for supporting this research. This study is part of the National R+D+I Project, “Adolescence and Risk: A comparative study in three Autonomous Communities” subsidized by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, Reference: SEJ2005-03839, and Risk, Adolescence and Ethnicity: Comparing three geographical areas in Spain, Reference: CSO2009-07732.
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
Keywords: Adolescents
Risk behaviors
Risk profiles
Spain
Adolescentes
Comportamientos de riesgo
Perfiles de riesgo
España
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/38613
ISSN: 0034-9712
1988-429X
Citation: Meneses, C.; et al. Co-occurrence of risk behaviors among Spanish adolescents. Revista Internacional de Sociología, 70(3): 665-689 (2012). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/38613]
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