How nonmagnetic particles intensify rotational diffusion in magnetorheological fluids
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American Physical Society
Magnetorheological fluidsRotational diffusion
Rodríguez-Arco, L.; et al. How nonmagnetic particles intensify rotational diffusion in magnetorheological fluids. Physical Review E, 90: 012310 (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/37599]
PatrocinadorThis work was supported by Project No. FIS2013-41821-R (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain) and the project “Factories of the Future” (Grant No. 260073, DynExpert FP7). In addition, L.R.-A. acknowledges financial support from Secretaría de Estado de Educacion, Formación´ Profesional y Universidades (MECD, Spain) through its FPU and Estancias Breves programs.
In this work we propose a mechanism to explain the enhancement of the magnetic field-induced yield stress when non-magnetic particles are added to magnetic particulate suspensions –i.e., bi-component suspensions. Our main hypothesis is that the non-magnetic particles collide with the field-induced magnetic aggregates under shear flow. Consequently, supplementary fluctuations of the orientations of the magnetic aggregates occur, resulting in an effective rotary diffusion process, which increases the dynamic yield stress of the suspension. Furthermore, the collision rate and the rotary diffusivity of the aggregates should increase with the concentration of non-magnetic particles. Rheological measurements in plate-plate and cylindrical Couette geometries confirm the increase of the yield stress with the volume fraction of non-magnetic particles. In addition, such an effect appears to be more important in Couette geometry, for which orientation fluctuations of the magnetic aggregates play a more significant role. Finally, a theoretical model based on this rotary diffusion mechanism is developed, providing with a quantitative explanation to the experimentally-observed trends.