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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35940

Title: Mineralogical and chemical features of gangue phases in relation to hydrothermal mineralization and their host rocks
Authors: Carrillo-Rosúa, Javier
Morales-Ruano, Salvador
Fenoll Hach-Alí, Purificación
Morata, Diego
Belmar, Mauricio
Boyce, Adrian J.
Fallick, Anthony E.
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Abstract: Gangue minerals from hydrothermal deposits (apatite and carbonates) and their host rocks from three different volcanic areas (SE Spain, La Serena and Melipilla in Coastal Range of Chile) have been studied for broad elemental compositions. Carbonate units at the Au-Cu Palai-Islica epithermal deposit are Fe-Mn-bearing, with a slightly higher concentration of these elements in the orebody than in adjoining hydrothermal alteration zones. Apatite has a composition that correlates with its origin and with hydrothermal processes. Thus, volcanic apatite is Cl-rich, whereas apatite from the associated orebody is almost pure fluorapatite. Furthermore, apatite from hydrothermally altered volcanic rocks has a transitional composition between volcanic and ore-related apatite. Samples of carbonate from Mn, Cu(-Ag) and Ba-Ag deposits in the La Serena area are all Mn-bearing calcite. In addition, Mn(Fe)-poor and Mg-rich calcite is common in low-grade Mn areas. Similar features have been found at the Melipilla Cu (Cu-Ag) deposit where epithermal calcite is also enriched in Mn(+Fe) with respect to non-mineralized veins, carbonate host rock, and metamorphic mineralization. In summary, F in apatite and Mn have been introduced in to carbonate from the La Serena area by hydrothermal fluids and could provide an index of hydrothermal ore-forming activity.
Sponsorship: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología
Grupo de Investigación de la Junta de Andalucía RNM-0131.
Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (CSIC-UGR)
Universidad de Chile. Departmento de Geología
The research has been supported by the project BTE-2003-06265 of the DGI, the RNM 0131 of Junta de Andalucía, the “Plan Propio” of Granada University and the I001-99/2 DID project of the University of Chile. SUERC is funded by NERC and the consortium of Scottish Universities.
Publisher: Springer
Description: El capítulo de libro ha sido publicado en los “Proceedings of the eighth biennial SGA meeting”.
This is a POSTPRINT version of the original paper: Carrillo-Rosúa, J. Morales-Ruano, S., Fenoll Hach-Ali, P., Morata Céspedes, D., Belmar, M., Boyce, A.J. & Fallick, A.E. (2005) Mineralogical and chemical features of gangue phases in relation to hydrothermal mineralization and their host rocks. In Mao J & Bierlein, F.P., (eds.), Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1057-1060. [DOI: 10.1007/3-540-27946-6_270]
Keywords: Hydrothermal
Hidrotermal
Gangue mineralogy
Mineralogía de la ganga
Carbonate
Carbonatos
Apatite
Apatito
Spain
España
Chile
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35940
ISBN: 9783540279464
9783540279458
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Carrillo-Rosúa, J.; Morales-Ruano, S.; Fenoll Hach-Ali, P.; Morata, D.; Belmar, M.; Boyce, A.J.; Fallick, A.E. Mineralogical and chemical features of gangue phases in relation to hydrothermal mineralization and their host rocks. In: Mao, J.; Bierlein, F.P., (eds.) Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge: Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting. Beijing (China), 18-21 August 2005. Berlin: Springer, 2005. pp. 1057-1060. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35940]
Appears in Collections:DDCE - Capítulos de Libros

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