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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35395

Title: Bacteriogenic and magmatic S sources in the Cabildo Cu Distric (Chile)
Authors: Moreno-Rodríguez, Verónica
Carrillo-Rosúa, Javier
Morales-Ruano, Salvador
Morata, Diego
Boyce, Adrian J.
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: “Manto-type” Cu-(Ag) deposits, the third main source of Cu in Chile, have a controversial genesis (magmatic vs. metamorphic and syn vs. epigenic models [1]). These deposits are hosted in Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary rocks on the Coastal Range. The Cabildo district (lat 32º30’S; long 70º55’W) is unique in that “Manto-type” Cu-(Ag) and Cu (Mo)-skarn deposits coexist. The δ34S range of Cabildo “Manto-type” sulphides is extremely wide (-30.8 to + 16.9‰). In contrast, in the Cu-skarn sulphides the same range is very homogeneous (-3.2 to -1.5‰). However, the δ34S range of sulphides from the Mo-bearing skarn zone differs from the rest of the skarn showing more depleted values (-8.6 to -5.6‰). A two-stage mineralization process in “Manto-type” deposits is proposed: 1) Bacteriogenicc pyrite formed during an early digenetic stage in a semi-closed system. 2) S re-mobilization and Cu input in a low metamorphic environment to produce bornite-chalcopyrite ores. The skarn formation could be coeval or at least close in time to the second mineralization event of the “Manto-type” deposit. The S source for Cu- skarn mineralization is dominantly magmatic. Nonetheless, a contribution of bacteriogenic S in the Mo-rich skarn zone also appears likely. Supporting this hypothesis, further isotopic analysis 87Sr/86Sro, C and O show two main sources of metallogenic fluids in the area, low-grade metamorphic fluids (which leach limestone with bacteriogenic pyrite) and magmatic fluids, with intermediate isotopic signatures (and sources) for Mo-rich skarn.
Sponsorship: Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología (Universidad de Granada). Departamento de Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales (Universidad de Granada). Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (Universidad de Granada- Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
Publisher: Elsevier
Description: Versión preprint
Goldschmidt 2009: "Challenges to our volatile planet". June 21-26 in Davos (Switzerland).
Keywords: Stable isotopes
Hydrothermal deposits
Manto deposits
CMT deposits
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35395
ISSN: 0016-7037
Citation: Moreno-Rodriguez, V.; Carrillo-Rosúa J.; Morales-Ruano, S.; Morata, D.; Boyce, A.J. Bacteriogenic and magmatic S sources in the Cabildo Cu Distric (Chile). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(13): A904-A904 (2009). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35395]
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