24-weeks Pilates-aerobic and educative training to improve body fat mass in elderly Serbian women
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AutorRuiz-Montero, Pedro Jesús; Castillo-Rodríguez, Alfonso; Mikalački, Milena; Nebojsa, Čokorilo; Korovljev, Darinka
Lean body massAnthropometric measuresEducative programWomen
Ruiz-Montero, P.J.; et al. 24-weeks Pilates-aerobic and educative training to improve body fat mass in elderly Serbian women. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9: 243-248 (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34997]
PatrocinadorThis study was funded by the Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development in Novi Sad, and was entitled “The Influence of physical activity on risk factors in the working population” (number: 114-451-2337/2011-01).
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in anthropometric measurements using an aerobic and Pilates exercise program which lasted 24 weeks.Method: This was a clinical intervention study of 303 women over the age of 60 living in Novi Sad, Serbia. Changes in body mass index and skinfold thickness were estimated through height, weight, and anthropometric measurements. The program comprised Pilates exercises for upper- and lower-body strength, agility, and aerobic capacity.Results: Fat mass (FM) improved significantly (pre-test, 32.89%, 8.65; post-test, 28.25%, 6.58; P<0.01). Bone diameters and muscle perimeters showed no significant changes pre- and post-test (P>0.05), but there was a higher correlation between FM (%) and waist–hip ratio (rho, 0.80; P<0.01).Conclusion: A mixed program of aerobics and Pilates, controls and improves baseline muscle mass and decreases FM values, without causing deterioration during practice and follow-up exercises.