Reduction of ash sintering precursor components in rice straw by water washing
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North Carolina State University. College of Natural Resources
Rice strawAshThermal analysisElectron microscopySintering
Said, N.; et al. Reduction of ash sintering precursor components in rice straw by water washing. BioResources, 9(4): 6756-6764 (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34957]
PatrocinadorThis research was funded by the Innovation and Science Division of the Andalusian Regional Government (Research Projects P08-RNM-03584 and TIC-02913), the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Research Project CTM2009-07199), and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Project AP/045946/11).
The thermal conversion of rice straw is an attractive option for recovering its energy, but the process requires exhaustive control because of ash-related problems. Straw washing is one method of reducing ash-related problems and improving combustion behaviour. In this study, the ash of washed and unwashed rice straw samples was chemically characterized, tested using thermogravimetric analysis and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), and subjected to higher combustion temperatures in a muffle furnace. Results showed that silicon was the most important component in the ash. Furthermore, a reduction in undesirable inorganic compounds related to ash problems, such as chlorine and potassium, was achieved by washing the straw samples. This practice could improve thermal behaviour and decrease the sintering formation of ash.