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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34957

Title: Reduction of ash sintering precursor components in rice straw by water washing
Authors: Said, Noha
Abdel Daiem, Mahmoud M.
García-Maraver, Ángela
Zamorano Toro, Montserrat
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The thermal conversion of rice straw is an attractive option for recovering its energy, but the process requires exhaustive control because of ash-related problems. Straw washing is one method of reducing ash-related problems and improving combustion behaviour. In this study, the ash of washed and unwashed rice straw samples was chemically characterized, tested using thermogravimetric analysis and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), and subjected to higher combustion temperatures in a muffle furnace. Results showed that silicon was the most important component in the ash. Furthermore, a reduction in undesirable inorganic compounds related to ash problems, such as chlorine and potassium, was achieved by washing the straw samples. This practice could improve thermal behaviour and decrease the sintering formation of ash.
Sponsorship: This research was funded by the Innovation and Science Division of the Andalusian Regional Government (Research Projects P08-RNM-03584 and TIC-02913), the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Research Project CTM2009-07199), and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Project AP/045946/11).
Publisher: North Carolina State University. College of Natural Resources
Keywords: Rice straw
Ash
Thermal analysis
Electron microscopy
Sintering
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34957
ISSN: 1930-2126
Citation: Said, N.; et al. Reduction of ash sintering precursor components in rice straw by water washing. BioResources, 9(4): 6756-6764 (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34957]
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