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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34915

Title: Pronominal mental representations in advanced L2 and L3 learners of Spanish
Authors: Lozano, Cristóbal
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: Evidence in recent second language research (SLR) leads to an apparent contradiction. While some studies claim that advanced adult learners can indeed achieve native-like competence, other studies suggest that they only achieve near-native competence. The former studies focus on universal principles of universal grammar (UG), whereas the latter investigate properties which UG allows to vary (within limits) and attribute lack of native-like competence to L1 influence on the L2. In this study we investigate whether this is the expected pattern, i.e., that advanced L2 speakers will always show native-like competence where principles are involved, yet near-nativeness where the L1 differs parametrically from the L1 with respect to functional features. An experimental study consisting of three groups ((i) English and (ii) Greek natives learners of Spanish as L2 and L3 respectively and (ii) Spanish natives) were tested on some pronominal constructions where the presence of overt and null pronouns is constrained by universal principles and language-specific/discursive constraints. Results show that all learners behave similarly with respect to the universal constructions, as expected. With discursive constructions, the Greek group behaves similarly to the Spanish group as there is no parametric variation between Greek and Spanish with respect to pronominal constraints. Crucially, although the English group also behaves similarly to the Spanish group, their intuitions are statistically divergent from those of Spanish natives. This is expected if L1-L2 parametric differences obtain.
Sponsorship: This research is funded by ESRC, award no. R00429934281.
Publisher: Granada Lingüística
Series/Report no.: Collectae;
Keywords: Second language acquisition
Adquisición de segundas lenguas
Third language acquisition
Adquisición de terceras lenguas
Anaphora resolution
Resolución de anáfora
Español lengua extranjera
Pronominal subjects
Overt pronoun constraint
Universal grammar
Null subjects
Sujetos nulos
Null subject parameter
Parámetro del sujeto nulo
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34915
ISBN: 84-7933-215-8
Citation: Lozano, C. Pronominal mental representations in advanced L2 and L3 learners of Spanish. En: Luque Durán, J.D.; Pamies Bertrán, A.; Manjón Pozas, F.J. (eds.). Nuevas tendencias en la investigación lingüística. Granada: Granada Lingüística, 2002. (Collectae). pp. 605-617. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34915]
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