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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/33535

Title: Antibiotic resistance patterns of bacterial strains isolated from Periplaneta americana and Musca domestica in Tangier, Morocco
Authors: Bouamama, Lamiaa
Sorlózano Puerto, Antonio
Laglaoui, Amin
Lebbadi, Mariam
Aarab, Ahmed
Gutiérrez Fernández, José
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Background: Flies and cockroaches are two insects in close contact with human beings. They are carriers of human pathogenic bacteria on the external areas of their bodies or in their digestive tracts. This study examines Periplaneta americana and Musca domestica collected from the residential areas of six districts in Tangier, Morocco. Methodology: In total, 251 bacteria were isolated from external areas of the participants' bodies and the antimicrobial susceptibility was calculated. Results: The predominant bacterial species included Escherichia coli (17.9%), Klebsiella spp. (14.7%), Providencia spp. (9.6%), Staphylococcus spp. (15.1%) and Enterococcus spp. (11.6%). The study showed no difference between the species of bacterial strains from American cockroaches and houseflies. Carbapenems and aminoglycosides were active against 100% of the Gram-negative bacilli isolated in this study. Staphylococcus spp. strains were susceptible to linezolid, vancomycin, daptomycin, levofloxacin and cotrimoxazole, and no antibiotic resistance was found in Enterococcus spp. Conclusions: In our setting, although both cockroaches and flies collected from residential areas may be vectors of human pathogenic bacteria, the infections caused by them are easily treatable as a result of the high susceptibility of their bacteria to antibiotics routinely used in the community or in hospitals.
Keywords: Periplaneta americana
Musca domestica
Antimicrobial resistance
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/33535
ISSN: 2036-6590
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Bouamama, L.; et al. Antibiotic resistance patterns of bacterial strains isolated from Periplaneta americana and Musca domestica in Tangier, Morocco. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 4(4): 194-201 (2010). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/33535]
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