Polyelectrolyte-coated carbons used in the generation of blue energy from salinity differences
MetadatosMostrar el registro completo del ítem
AutorAhualli, Silvia; Jiménez Olivares, María Luisa; Fernández, M. Mar; Iglesias, Guillermo R.; Brogioli, Doriano; Delgado, Ángel V.
Royal Society of Chemistry
Blue energySalinity exchangePolyelectrolyte coatingActivated carbonDonnan potentialSoft particles
Ahualli, S.; et al. Polyelectrolyte-coated carbons used in the generation of blue energy from salinity differences. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/33398]
PatrocinadorDepartamento de Física Aplicada; The research leading to these results received funding from the European Union 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under agreement No. 256868. Further financial sup- ports from Junta de Andalucía, project PE2012-FQM694, and Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Spain), project FIS2013-47666-C3-1-R.
In this work we present a method for the production of clean, renewable electrical energy from the exchange of solutions with different salinities. Activated carbon films are coated with negatively or positively charged polyelectrolytes by well-established adsorption methods. When two oppositely charged coated films are placed in contact with an ionic solution, the potential difference between them will be equal to the difference between their Donnan potentials, and hence, energy can be extracted by building an electrochemical cell with such electrodes. A model is elaborated on the operation of the cell, based on the electrokinetic theory of soft particles. All the features of the model are experimentally reproduced, although a small quantitative difference concerning the maximum opencircuit voltage is found, suggesting that the coating is the key point to improve the efficiency. In the used experimental conditions, we obtain a power of 12.1 mW/m2. Overall, the method proves to be a fruitful and simple approach to salinity-gradient energy production. Obtaining energy from salinity differences as