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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31073

Title: B-Chromosome Ribosomal DNA Is Functional in the Grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans
Authors: Ruiz-Estévez, Mercedes
López-León, María Dolores
Cabrero, Josefa
Martínez Camacho, Juan Pedro
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: B-chromosomes are frequently argued to be genetically inert elements, but activity for some particular genes has been reported, especially for ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes whose expression can easily be detected at the cytological level by the visualization of their phenotypic expression, i.e., the nucleolus. The B24 chromosome in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans frequently shows a nucleolus attached to it during meiotic prophase I. Here we show the presence of rRNA transcripts that unequivocally came from the B24 chromosome. To detect these transcripts, we designed primers specifically anchoring at the ITS-2 region, so that the reverse primer was complementary to the B chromosome DNA sequence including a differential adenine insertion being absent in the ITS2 of A chromosomes. PCR analysis carried out on genomic DNA showed amplification in B-carrying males but not in B-lacking ones. PCR analyses performed on complementary DNA showed amplification in about half of B-carrying males. Joint cytological and molecular analysis performed on 34 B-carrying males showed a close correspondence between the presence of B-specific transcripts and of nucleoli attached to the B chromosome. In addition, the molecular analysis revealed activity of the B chromosome rDNA in 10 out of the 13 B-carrying females analysed. Our results suggest that the nucleoli attached to B chromosomes are actively formed by expression of the rDNA carried by them, and not by recruitment of nucleolar materials formed in A chromosome nucleolar organizing regions. Therefore, B-chromosome rDNA in E. plorans is functional since it is actively transcribed to form the nucleolus attached to the B chromosome. This demonstrates that some heterochromatic B chromosomes can harbour functional genes.
Sponsorship: This study was supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (CGL2009-11917), and was partially performed by FEDER funds. M. Ruiz-Estévez was supported by a fellowship (FPU) from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLOS)
Keywords: Chromosomes
Complementary DNA
DNA
DNA sequences
Nucleolus
Polymerase chain reaction
Ribosomal RNA
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31073
ISSN: 1932-6203
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Ruiz-Estévez, M.; López-León, M.D.; Cabrero, J.; Martínez Camacho J.P. B-Chromosome Ribosomal DNA Is Functional in the Grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. Plos One, 7(5): e36600 (2012). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31073]
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