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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31062

Title: Tuberculosis in Migrant Populations. A Systematic Review of the Qualitative Literature
Authors: Abarca Tomás, Bruno
Pell, Christopher
Bueno-Cavanillas, Aurora
Guillén-Solvas, José
Pool, Robert
Roura, María
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: [Background] The re-emergence of tuberculosis (TB) in low-incidence countries and its disproportionate burden on immigrants is a public health concern posing specific social and ethical challenges. This review explores perceptions, knowledge, attitudes and treatment adherence behaviour relating to TB and their social implications as reported in the qualitative literature. [Methods] Systematic review in four electronic databases. Findings from thirty selected studies extracted, tabulated, compared and synthesized. [Findings] TB was attributed to many non-exclusive causes including air-born transmission of bacteria, genetics, malnutrition, excessive work, irresponsible lifestyles, casual contact with infected persons or objects; and exposure to low temperatures, dirt, stress and witchcraft. Perceived as curable but potentially lethal and highly contagious, there was confusion around a condition surrounded by fears. A range of economic, legislative, cultural, social and health system barriers could delay treatment seeking. Fears of deportation and having contacts traced could prevent individuals from seeking medical assistance. Once on treatment, family support and “the personal touch” of health providers emerged as key factors facilitating adherence. The concept of latent infection was difficult to comprehend and while TB screening was often seen as a socially responsible act, it could be perceived as discriminatory. Immigration and the infectiousness of TB mutually reinforced each another exacerbating stigma. This was further aggravated by indirect costs such as losing a job, being evicted by a landlord or not being able to attend school. [Conclusions] Understanding immigrants’ views of TB and the obstacles that they face when accessing the health system and adhering to a treatment programme-taking into consideration their previous experiences at countries of origin as well as the social, economic and legislative context in which they live at host countries- has an important role and should be considered in the design, evaluation and adaptation of programmes.
Sponsorship: This work has been funded by the EC within the 7th Framework Programme under the COHEMI project - grant agreement no. FP7‐GA-26149 as well as the “Ramon y Cajal” fellowship program of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO).
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLOS)
Keywords: Coughing
Database searching
Diagnostic medicine
Health economics
Health screening
Professions
Qualitative studies
Tuberculosis
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31062
ISSN: 1932-6203
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Abarca Tomás, B.; et al. Tuberculosis in Migrant Populations. A Systematic Review of the Qualitative Literature. Plos One, 8(12): e82440 (2013). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/31062]
Appears in Collections:OpenAIRE (Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe)
DMPSP - Artículos

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