Fisco, franquicias y problemas en la repoblación de Málaga
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Universidad de Granada
Suberbiola, J. Fisco, franquicias y problemas en la repoblación de Málaga. Cuadernos de Estudios Medievales y Ciencias y Técnicas Historiográficas, 2-3: 149-196 (1974-75). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/30090]
Hardly the conquest of the Realm of Granada had begun, when the Catholic Kings arranged the acquisition of some bulls in Rome, in order to authorize the collection and free disposai of the taxes that the Moslems used to pay to the Nasri Kings of Granada. According to this the Kings had already decided to keep a great number of Moslems in the poorest areas of that realm in order to pay. The confiscation, inspection and exploitation of the Mudejars were a premeditated an essential task after the conquest of the Realm of Granada and, which gave rise to the following points : a) facilitate the rapid implantation and starting of the society of Castille and its state system in the just conquered territory. b) to constitute another factor in the process of primitive accumulation of capital, because after the conquest a lot of wealth was reverted in Castille and a great number of Mudejares, whitout anything except bodily strength of their arms went to live there. c) to allow the settlers from Castille to enjoy a period whitout paying any taxes. This article deals almost exclusively about this latter point and the repopulation of Málaga, which begins with a fiscal exemption for an indefinited period. Howewer, the frequent dangers and necessities, (Mudejar revolts, African piracy, brigandage, insufficiency of food and plague), united to the voluble burocracy, did flot permit the repopulation to be quite as rapid as desired the Kings. They had to fix the franchises for a period of ten years (from 1487 to 1497) in order ko animate their subjects. The persistence of some of the aforesaid facts and the earthquake of 1494, which partially destroyed the town obliged the Kings to postpone the franchsies three times. Bu this generous fiscal exemption, which Málaga enjoyed and had to enjoy till 1505, was cut off in 1501, when the Kings revoked ail the previous franchises in order to give new ones, which meant the first contribution of the repopulation of Málaga given the disproportion between the exempts and the taxed. This sudden change is accompanied by many others carried out the Realm of Granada, where the religious and fiscal unification was introduced by the conquerors, the same as the conquered. It was fifteen years since the reconquest and settlement of Málaga had begun, and, the same Mudejars and repopulators were obliged to advance in unison with Castille. The state had rapidly gone through the Realm of Granada and with no less rapidity and calculation had done and undo ne. And the end, everything was covered with a veil of unity at the service of the centralization and fortification of power.