The importance of time in referee home bias due to social pressure: evidence from spanish football
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Universidad de Granada. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Social presureCrowd effectReferee home biasSports economics
Picazo-Tadeo, A.; González Goméz, F.; Guardiola, J. The importance of time in referee home bias due to social pressure: evidence from spanish football. Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales (2011). (FEG-WP; 3/11). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/29185]
The importance of time in referee home bias due to social pressure. Evidence from Spanish football Abstract: This paper analyses referee home bias due to social pressure with data from the matches played in the First Division of the Spanish football league between the 2002/03 and 2009/10 seasons. Finally, our main conclusion is that the time the referee has to make a decision does affect the final outcome; while there is no referee home bias when a free kick is awarded, in the case of booking players, when the referee has more time to make a decision, social pressure can influence the final outcome in favour of the home team.