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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/29073

Title: Nucleon Decay Searches with large Liquid Argon TPC Detectors at Shallow Depths: atmospheric neutrinos and cosmogenic backgrounds
Authors: Bueno Villar, Antonio
Dai, Z.
Ge, Y.
Laffranchi, M.
Melgarejo-Fernández, Antonio Jesús
Meregaglia, A.
Navas, Sergio
Rubbia, A.
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Grand Unification of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions into a single unified gauge group is an extremely appealing idea which has been vigorously pursued theoretically and experimentally for many years. The detection of proton or bound-neutron decays would represent its most direct experimental evidence. In this context, we studied the physics potentialities of very large underground Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LAr TPC). We carried out a detailed simulation of signal efficiency and background sources, including atmospheric neutrinos and cosmogenic backgrounds. We point out that a liquid Argon TPC, offering good granularity and energy resolution, low particle detection threshold, and excellent background discrimination, should yield very good signal over background ratios in many possible decay modes, allowing to reach partial lifetime sensitivities in the range of 1034−1035 years with exposures up to 1000 kton×year, often in quasi-background-free conditions optimal for discoveries at the few events level, corresponding to atmospheric neutrino background rejections of the order of 105. Multi-prong decay modes like e.g. p→μ−π+K+ or p→e+π+π− and channels involving kaons like e.g. p→K+ν¯, p→e+K0 and p→μ+K0 are particularly suitable, since liquid Argon imaging (...)
Sponsorship: This work was in part supported by ETH and the Swiss National Foundation. AB, AJM and SN have been supported by CICYT Grants FPA-2002-01835 and FPA-2005-07605-C02-01. SN acknowledges support from the Ramon y Cajal Programme. We thank P. Sala for help with FLUKA while she was an ETH employee.
Publisher: Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA)
Keywords: Neutrino
Detectors
Telescopes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/29073
ISSN: 1029-8479
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Bueno, A.; et al. Nucleon Decay Searches with large Liquid Argon TPC Detectors at Shallow Depths: atmospheric neutrinos and cosmogenic backgrounds. Journal of High Energy Physics, 4: 041 (2007). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/29073]
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