Validity of resting energy expenditure predictive equations before and after an energy-restricted diet intervention in obese women
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Public Library of Science
Energy metabolismObesityMorbid obesityWeight lossBody weightIndirect calorimetryDietBody mass index
Ruiz, J.R.; et al. Validity of resting energy expenditure predictive equations before and after an energy-restricted diet intervention in obese women. Plos One, 6(9): e23759 (2011). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/28997]
PatrocinadorThe present study was supported by the University of the Basque Country (UPV 05/80), Social Foundation of the Caja Vital- Kutxa and by the Department of Health of the Government of the Basque Country (2008/111062), and by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (RYC-2010-05957).
Background We investigated the validity of REE predictive equations before and after 12-week energy-restricted diet intervention in Spanish obese (30 kg/m2>BMI<40 kg/m2) women. Methods We measured REE (indirect calorimetry), body weight, height, and fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM, dual X-ray absorptiometry) in 86 obese Caucasian premenopausal women aged 36.7±7.2 y, before and after (n = 78 women) the intervention. We investigated the accuracy of ten REE predictive equations using weight, height, age, FFM and FM. Results At baseline, the most accurate equation was the Mifflin et al. (Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 51: 241–247) when using weight (bias:−0.2%, P = 0.982), 74% of accurate predictions. This level of accuracy was not reached after the diet intervention (24% accurate prediction). After the intervention, the lowest bias was found with the Owen et al. (Am J Clin Nutr 1986; 44: 1–19) equation when using weight (bias:−1.7%, P = 0.044), 81% accurate prediction, yet it provided 53% accurate predictions at baseline. Conclusions There is a wide variation in the accuracy of REE predictive equations before and after weight loss in non-morbid obese women. The results acquire especial relevance in the context of the challenging weight regain phenomenon for the overweight/obese population.