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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/28987

Title: Early life programming of abdominal adiposity in adolescents: The HELENA Study
Authors: Labayen, Idoia
Ruiz, Jonatan R.
Vicente-Rodríguez, Germán
Turck, Dominique
Rodríguez, G.
Meirhaeghe, Aline
Molnar, Dénes
Sjöström, Michael
Castillo Garzón, Manuel J.
Gottrand, Frederic
Moreno, L. A.
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between birth weight and abdominal adiposity in adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 284 adolescents (49.3% of whom were female) aged 14.9 +/- 1.2 years were included in the study. Birth weight and gestational age were obtained from parental records. Abdominal adiposity (in three regions: R1, R2, and R3) and trunk and total body fat mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Regional fat mass indexes (FMIs) were thereafter calculated as fat mass divided by the square of height (Trunk FMI and abdominal FMI R1, R2, and R3). RESULTS: Birth weight was negatively associated with abdominal FMI R1, R2, and R3 independently of total fat mass, gestational age, sex, breast-feeding duration, pubertal stage, physical activity, and socioeconomic status (all P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows an inverse association between birth weight and abdominal adiposity in adolescents independently of total fat mass and other potential confounders. These findings suggest that fetal nutrition, as reflected by birth weight, may have a programming effect on abdominal adiposity later in life.
Sponsorship: The HELENA study was carried out with the financial support of the European Community Sixth RTD Framework Programme (contract no. FOOD-CT-2005-007034). This work was also partially supported by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (to F.A.S.), the Spanish Ministry of Education (EX-2007-1124), and the Spanish Ministry of Health: Maternal, Child Health and Development Network (RD08/ 0072).
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Keywords: Abdominal fat
Birth weight
Cardiovascular diseases
Risk factors
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/28987
ISSN: 0149-5992
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Labayen, I.; et al. Early life programming of abdominal adiposity in adolescents: the HELENA Study. Diabetes Care, 32(11): 2120-2122 (2009). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/28987]
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