The AMIGA sample of isolated galaxies: IV A catalogue of neighbours around isolated galaxies
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AuthorVerley, S.; Odewahn, S. C.; Verdes-Montenegro, L.; Leon, S.; Combes, F.; Sulentic, J.; Bergond, G.; Espada, D.; García, E.; Lisenfeld, Ute; Sabater, J.
European Southern Observatory (ESO); Springer Verlag
Verley, S.; et al. The AMIGA sample of isolated galaxies: IV A catalogue of neighbours around isolated galaxies. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 470(2): 505-513 (2007). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/28404]
SponsorshipThis work has been partially supported by DGI Grant AYA 2005-07516-C02-01 and the Junta de Andalucía (Spain). UL acknowledges support by the research project ESP 2004-06870-C02-02. Jack Sulentic is partially supported by a sabbatical grant SAB2004-01-04 of the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencias. G.B. acknowledges support at the IAA/CSIC by an I3P contract (I3P-PC2005F) funded by the European Social Fund.
Context.Studies of the effects of environment on galaxy properties and evolution require well defined control samples. Such isolated galaxy samples have up to now been small or poorly defined. The AMIGA project (Analysis of the interstellar Medium of Isolated GAlaxies) represents an attempt to define a statistically useful sample of the most isolated galaxies in the local (z $\leq$ 0.05) Universe.Aims.A suitable large sample for the AMIGA project already exists, the Catalogue of Isolated Galaxies (CIG, Karachentseva, 1973, Astrofizicheskie Issledovaniia Izvestiya Spetsial'noj Astrofizicheskoj Observatorii, 8, 3; 1050 galaxies), and we use this sample as a starting point to refine and perform a better quantification of its isolation properties.Methods.Digitised POSS-I E images were analysed out to a minimum projected radius R $\geq$ 0.5 Mpc around 950 CIG galaxies (those within Vr = 1500 km s-1 were excluded). We identified all galaxy candidates in each field brighter than B = 17.5 with a high degree of confidence using the LMORPHO software. We generated a catalogue of approximately 54 000 potential neighbours (redshifts exist for $\approx$30% of this sample).Results.Six hundred sixty-six galaxies pass and two hundred eighty-four fail the original CIG isolation criterion. The available redshift data confirm that our catalogue involves a largely background population rather than physically associated neighbours. We find that the exclusion of neighbours within a factor of four in size around each CIG galaxy, employed in the original isolation criterion, corresponds to $\Delta V_r \approx$ 18 000 km s-1 indicating that it was a conservative limit.Conclusions.Galaxies in the CIG have been found to show different degrees of isolation. We conclude that a quantitative measure of this is mandatory. It will be the subject of future work based on the catalogue of neighbours obtained here.