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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/24875

Title: Psychophysiological effects of massage-myofascial release after exercise: a randomized sham-control study
Authors: Arroyo-Morales, Manuel
Olea, Nicolás
Martínez Marín, Manuel
Hidalgo-Lozano, Amparo
Ruiz-Rodríguez, Concepción
Díaz-Rodríguez, Lourdes
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of massage on neuromuscular recruitment, mood state, and mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) after high-intensity exercise. Design: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial using between-groups design. Setting: The study was conducted at a university-based sports medicine clinic. Participants: Sixty-two (62) healthy active students age 18–26 participated. Interventions: Participants, randomized into two groups, performed three 30-second Wingate tests and immediately received whole-body massage-myofascial induction or placebo (sham ultrasound/magnetotherapy) treatment. The duration (40 minutes), position, and therapist were the same for both treatments. Main outcome measures: Dependent variables were surface electromyography (sEMG) of quadriceps, profile of mood states (POMS) and mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) of trapezius and masseter muscles. These data were assessed at baseline and after exercise and recovery periods. Results: Generalized estimating equations models were performed on dependent variables to assess differences between groups. Significant differences were found in effects of treatment on sEMG of Vastus Medialis (VM) (p 0.02) and vigor subscale (p 0.04). After the recovery period, there was a significant decrease in electromyographic (EMG) activity of VM (p 0.02) in the myofascial-release group versus a nonsignificant increase in the placebo group (p 0.32), and a decrease in vigor (p 0.01) in the massage group versus no change in the placebo group (p 0.86). Conclusions: Massage reduces EMG amplitude and vigor when applied as a passive recovery technique after a high-intensity exercise protocol. Massage may induce a transient loss of muscle strength or a change in the muscle fiber tension–length relationship, influenced by alterations of muscle function and a psychological state of relaxation.
Sponsorship: The trial was funded by a research project grant (11/UPB10/06) from the Spanish Higher Sports Council.
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
Description: This is a copy of an article published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine © 2008 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine is available online at: http://online.liebertpub.com.
Keywords: Electric stimulation
Electromyography
Exercise
Massage
Muscle
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/24875
ISSN: 1075-5535
1557-7708
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Arroyo-Morales, M.; et al. Psychophysiological effects of massage-myofascial release after exercise: a randomized sham-control study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(10): 1223-1229 (2008). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/24875]
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