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dc.contributor.authorVan der Knaap, Wim
dc.contributor.authorPijnappels, Mark
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-27T08:17:11Z
dc.date.available2012-07-27T08:17:11Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationVan der Knaap, W. ; Pijnappels, M. Water and spatial development: the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the Netherlands. En: Ambientalia. 2010-2011. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/21689]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1699-3063
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10481/21689
dc.description.abstractThis paper discusses how water managers and spatial planners could co-operate on local level in combination with the implementation of the Water Framework Directive and the Birds and Habitats Directives in the Netherlands. Recent evaluations of the European Commission show that implementation of environmental directives prove to be a challenging task for the responsible authorities. Studies show that legal and procedural aspects of planning and decision making gain the most attention at the EU level, the formal side, while environmental goals are fading into the background, especially on the EU level. The difficulties that arise in the implementation process on a local and regional level are discussed combined with the integration of both directives from policy and practice. The local co-operation between water managers and spatial planners depends heavily on its basic element: competing interests. Aspects that shape this cooperation and define its effectiveness are: language (discipline related jargon), contracts, trust, personal competence, policy tuning & policy instruments, institutional innovations, instrumental innovations and mental innovations. These aspects will be discussed based on two case studies with water management and spatial planning aspects. This local co-operation is mainly informal of character.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipLand Use Planning, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSpecial Issue Water Framework Directive;1
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.subjectSpatial Planningen_US
dc.subjectWater Managersen_US
dc.subjectWater Framework Directiveen_US
dc.titleWater and spatial development: the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the Netherlandsen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen_US
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US


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