Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Italy: state of the art and selected research issues
MetadatosMostrar el registro completo del ítem
Environmental and resource costsWFDItalyChoice experimentsWater-related measuresAgriculture
Viaggi, D. ; Raggi, M. ; Sardonini, L. ; Ronchi, D. Implementation of the water framework directive in Italy: state of the art and selected research issues. En: Ambientalia. 2010-2011. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/21653]
PatrocinadorDepartment of Agricultural Economics and Engineering, University of Bologna (Italy). Department of Statistics, University of Bologna (Italy).
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) was implemented rather late in Italy. The actual implementation took place in 2006 with decree 152/2006 but the Directive was not completely effective until the beginning of 2009, when law 13/2009 provided for the implementation of river basin plans by basin authorities. The objective of this paper is to describe the implementation of the WFD in Italy and to discuss selected policy and research issues. The paper begins with an introduction highlighting the specificities of Italy in terms of water management. With regard to implementation, the general administrative setting, as well as the interpretation of WFD categories related to economic evaluations will be illustrated. Two major issues of particularly high relevance in the present debate are then discussed: a) the evaluation of environmental and resource costs; and b) water regulation in agriculture.