The politics of silicosis in interwar Spain: Republican and Francoist approaches to occupational health.
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SilicosisEnfermedades profesionalesLegislación compensadoraII RepúblicaPrimer FranquismoEspañaSilicosisOccupational diseasesWorkmen’s compensationSecond RepublicFirst FrancoismSpain
MENÉNDEZ-NAVARRO, A. The politics of silicosis in interwar Spain: Republican and Francoist approaches to occupational health. Dynamis, 2008, 28, 77-102.
This article explores the emergence and recognition of silicosis as an occupational disease in interwar Spain. Following International Labour Office guidelines, growing international concerns and local medical evidence, Republican administrators provided the first health care facilities to silicosis sufferers, who eventually became entitled to compensation under the Law of Occupational Diseases (1936), poorly implemented due to the outbreak of the Civil War (1936-39). Silicosis became a priority issue on the political agenda of the new dictatorial regime because it affected lead and coalmining, key sectors for autarchic policies. The Silicosis Scheme (1941) provided compensation for sufferers, although benefits were minimised by its narrow coverage and the application of tight criteria.